If you're aiming to teach at a college level, I guess the best bet in the region is the community colleges or the University of Nevada, Reno (though I guess the latter, they look for phD's).
If costs were out of the question, there is absolutely no doubt I'd rather live on the California side. All the CA side cities are nice... Truckee, King's Beach, South Lake Tahoe, etc. Most of the Nevada side cities are kind of trashy. A lot of them are just infrastructure to support the aging, dusty casinos.
Incline Village isn't so trashy, but it's a small town, and it's a bit of a drive to get anywhere. I think Reno is like 40 min away (driving over Mt. Rose summit). You have to drive around the North side of the Lake to get to the North Lake resorts (Squaw, Alpine, Northstar), which takes time. Mt. Rose is the nearest resort.
I do agree with everyone else though... unless you're only into park, Northstar isn't all that exciting.
If you'd accept CA cities, basically the two big cities are Truckee and South Lake Tahoe. Truckee is around 20 min drive to 5 resorts (Boreal (park), Sugarbowl, Squaw, Alpine, Northstar). South Lake Tahoe is at the doorstep of Heavenly, 30 min. to Sierra, and 50 min to Kirkwood. Next year the Epic pass will be good or Heavenly and Kirkwood (and Northstar).