--- Are they not already powder coated? I paint for a living (hvlp paint and powder coating), and i highly doubt they are using a 1 stage enamel paint or a 2 stage basecoat/clear coat application.
Are you 100% sure they aren't powder coated already? Or was your question/statement just speculation?
Nope. The metal components look like they're painted with an enamel. It's a gloss finish on the DLX and a matte finish on the Force. There doesn't seem to be a clear coat on them, which would help protect the paint. I think that that's all Union's missing.
The paint on mine has held up great besides a little scraping on the corners of the heel loops (where they've contacted the snow over time) and on the lower edges of the toe ratchets. That was after a whole season of using them, so the paint itself is pretty durable. It would last longer though with a clear coat, unless they already have one and I just haven't noticed.