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Deep carving, Kijima method

142994 Views 1362 Replies 72 Participants Last post by  powaranoia
Ok guys here goes. I offer this purely as a demonstration of how I get this job done, and a bit of an insight into how I think about snowboarding itself. I will try to upload pics and video in time.
My stats are 40 years old, 191cm, 84kg, US10 burton boot, Rome Katana bindings and my own hand made snowboard which is 142cm, 30.5cm waist, 1m edge, 12m radius

My focus in this post will be body movements not board actions.
When I think about my snowboard I ride poorly, when I think of body positions I ride with much more fluidity and start progressing quickly.
To me carving is like dancing, when you get it right you find your body doing a funny little dance, focusing and perfecting this dance until your muscles learn the rhythm is key. This leaves our mind free, free to identify mistakes and make the appropriate corrections, the body works on autopilot, it is our mind that will get us there.

Unlearning bad muscle memory is a huge part of learning to lay it down, the way I unlearned my bad muscle memories was by getting very dynamic with short turns, hundreds of them every day. I can hear the sound in my head as I type, woosh, woosh, woosh, woosh as my board wraps itself around my body with newfound effortlessness. In short time your muscles learn the new memories, the new dance.
I call mine the dolphin dance, cause I kinda feel like a mix between a dolphin and a surfer duck diving a wave as I do it. One thing that my dolphin dance does for me is it automatically gets me bending my knees at the right time. That natural curve that a dolphin swims with is how I visualize my body movements, its an up and down rhythm. When we add up and down rhythm to our turn we become dynamic. You can call yours anything you like, but learn yourself a carving dance, I can practice carving in my living room simply by doing my little dolphin dance. Enough said on that lol.
edit. Most competent snowboarders think they can skip this step but they are the ones you see hunched over at the waist reaching for the snow.

Now that we have mastered the dynamic body movements, its time to start trying to lay it down. Now we will run into lots of problems, identifying the problems we run into and dealing with them pronto is how we will progress. It is critical that we use methods we understand clearly, there is no room for confusion here.
Following are some things that my experience has proven to be true, I‘m not interested in arguing these points, to me they are simply true.

1. Think of a triangle between your two feet and your front shoulder, a constantly variable triangle, weight distribution from front to back over your board can be controlled by manipulating this triangle. Your front shoulder is all you need to move to manipulate this triangle. I like to imagine a grid, my shoulder fills one square in the grid, if I feel chatter at the front of my edge I move my shoulder one grid position forward and the chatter is eliminated, likewise for the back edge. Get to know your chatter points by seeking them out and correcting them.

2. A snowboarder is a joy stick. The snowboarders front shoulder is the ball on top of the joy stick. If you want to get lower to the snow, the joy stick must be tilted over. Moving your front shoulder is how you lean it over. Give power to your shoulder as you practice, let your body recognize its importance. I push things around, open doors etc, basically do random shit with my shoulder all the time when I am not snowboarding. Its like my body respects my shoulder as an important part of my body now. This helps my snowboarding immensely .

3. A turn is simply a by product of upper body rotation.

So we now have 3 things to think about as per my previous list.
Number one is all about simplification of front to back weighting of the edges.
Number two is all about simplification of leaning it over.
Number three is all about simplification of both turn initiation and completion and it also plays a critical role in in the heel side lay down carve which I will talk about later.

So we learned our muscle memory and now we have only 3 things to think about, our shoulder, our shoulder and our shoulders lol. This is getting easy now.

Lets talk toe side lay down turns. For me it starts with identifying a nice piece of snow to do the carve on, I like a slight berm or slightly concave terrain as this eases the amount of flex required of the board, effectively making your turn bigger and longer.
I am travelling directly across the hill as I start and finish this turn.
So the main difference between Ryans method and my method is that Ryan finishes his heel turn fully squatted, flips to the toe edge and extends out his body where as I finish my heel turn by straightening my legs completely and popping up, by popping up I harness the stored energy in the board and get a little bit of air as I shift to the toe edge.
Now the straight legs that I just stood up with are the straight legs that will carry me through the turn, no extension is necessary. Because muscle memory will carry me effortlessly through the turn, and that from this beautifully set up position my board has no option but to race around my body as I fall forward with straight legs. By the time my face approaches the snow the board is already pointing down hill, my shoulder quickly drops back a few grid positions to avoid folding the nose of the board over. My two gloves effortlessly touch the snow unlike Ryans one forearm, ITS PARTY TIME, and ever so quickly its over as I bend my knees which lets the board come under me and picks me up, if I‘m good I can straighten my legs and get some air as I exit the turn.

When I tried Ryans method my heel turns felt very undynamic staying crouched the whole time and not popping out of the turns. My heel turns lost efficiency and caused me to lose momentum into the lay down carve which really hurts your confidence.

Now lets talk heel side lay down turns.
The heel side lay down turn feels so much better than the toe side turn for some reason and looks way cooler IMO.
So the heel turn starts with over exaggerated shoulder rotation as you finish your toe turn.
Find a chair, sit down in it, now stand up and down a few times, noting where your butt automatically goes to. Now stand up again and rotate your shoulders simulating the end of a toe side turn, try to sit back in your chair with your shoulders still rotated, your butt moved huh? This is the secret.
I start my heel turn travelling across the slope with my shoulders still fully rotated from the toe turn, the pop from the toe turn exit unweights the board, whilst the board is in the air I shoulder my body weight across to the heel side and begin to sit down on the snow. Once my butt touches the snow it is super easy to bring both gloves down onto the snow and enjoy heel side Party Time. To exit the turn simply bend your knees and the board will pick you up.
When you learn this you will actually sit on the snow a lot but as you get better you can finesse the joystick action with your shoulder to keep your butt just off the snow.

The other variation of this is the fully flat on your back style which I am working on at the moment but this comes with much higher risk of injury so I am rocking a back protector now for it.
For the lay flat you simply don’t bring your hands to the front and lay down on your back, its an easy position to get into but it is much harder to stand up from and I am tending to 180 out of it which I can obviously fix by moving my shoulder back a grid position or two.

If you have questions fire away.
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I do have a question: You are a big guy. What advantages does a tiny board such as yours offer? My kid weighs less than 45 kg and her board has about the same effective edge.
Hey Aracan. I build my own boards so I am only limited by my imagination and my material sizes. I used to ride and love boards as long as 180cm but long boards start to get heavy, long super wide boards get phenomenally heavy so I started going shorter purely to manage board weight. I found that all I need for carving is board width, my 1m of effective edge has far more edge hold than my body can deal with at the moment so I have no reason to go longer.
Woah Thanks!
? So question, focusing on your leading shoulder as the top of the joy stick in the triangle, does it move in the usual 3 axis, fore/aft, toe/heelside and up/down? Or does is the movement more of two axis of toe/heelside and fore/aft...and for the up/down axis, is that the leaning over? Just trying to visualize or am I completely off base?
Great Question Wraith.
I only think of fore-aft which is basically knowing my chatter points, and heel-toe. Bending my knees happens automatically as a by product of the other two shoulder actions. I dont focus on anything below my arm pits.
TL;DR and where's the video? :wink:
There is one video of me on fb doing one of my first heel side lay down turns but I dont know how to get it on here just yet.
You might be able to click this link to view it. Its not my video, the ski resort filmed it at posted it.
Also this video was filmed when I was riding a more narrow 162 pow board but I set my bindings to max toe overhang to gain heel clearance as I was learning how to do them.
Exactly. And you can see the guy having the same 180 out problems that Im having now when he lays flat on his back.:laugh2:
I used to try Ryan's method but with my recent knee injury I've had to go with both feet angled forward and a wider stance (female...I think we have wider stances for our height). What I've found is I can get alot lower and have a ton more control with forward angles. I recently added Now bindings to that mix and the control is insane and I love it!

With forward angles your shoulders are forward and for me carves just flow and feel more "normal". I guess with a heavy vert skating background I should have at least tried a zero angle on the back foot to start with as you don't skate in pools with a duck stance :) (at least if anyone does that is not very common) I can relate to what you are trying to verbalize.

The only thing I would disagree with is chatter...if I get any then I get my weight over the center of my board (vertical center line...not talking about centered between bindings) more and bend my knees a tad more...that clears up chatter immediately for me. Chatter...for me...means I am not over my board enough and I need to get more aggressive to clear it up.
wider stance definitely helps you squat lower. My stance width is 62cm and my binding angles changed from 15-15 to 21-9 as I started exploring the possible body positions I can get to with my feet at different angles.
I also have a really bad back knee, multiple surgeries and now Im rocking a LARS acl ligament. I snowboard fine, but cant walk to the car lol.
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I reckon if I tried to get down any lower in order to put both hands on the snow, sooner or later one arm would be left behind me and I would hyperextend my arm/shoulder. Think I will leave that one to you people, much respect to people who do it though.
I've personally never seen anyone lay down a carve like that in all the years I have been riding, certainly not in Japan anyway.
I was dropping them all over suginohara on saturday :grin:
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. Chatter...for me...means I am not over my board enough and I need to get more aggressive to clear it up.
I totally agree, if your way works keep doing it. Mine works really well for me. Individuals will work out there own ways of fixing the problems, it is the concepts we must understand clearly so when we identify a problem it gets fixed immediately.
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The only thing I would disagree with is chatter...if I get any then I get my weight over the center of my board (vertical center line...not talking about centered between bindings).
This actually sounds like you are reducing the joy stick effect to control chatter which means becoming less aggressive in your turn. My method attacks the chatter and the turn becomes more aggressive.
Not fighting, try it out :grin:
I'm not a fan of the double hand dragging thing, but YMMV. Looks awkward and a bit contrived to me... especially when hunching body over to do it

Laid-out body with a single hand drag is more to my liking.

Post up your pics
And yes a hunching body is a big no-no. This is what happens when people try to lay it down without first learning dynamic body movements.
People want to pick the fruit, but not tend to the garden lol.
I have a long torso and stupid little arms. The proportions just aren’t there for me to get my hands in the snow heel side lol.
Nice excuse but unfortunately I am not accepting it :grin:
You can do it easy if you rotate and squat
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Nope, not less aggressive and I am talking about occasional chatter on steeper slopes....maybe I should have stated that...I get you are not fighting :) I think it can be hard to describe how one rides sometimes.

I think with my back knee being as painful as it is right now I will just continue riding the way I am until I am healed (have an MRI scheduled for this week).

Right now its incredibly painful to drive and painful to walk but I can ride as long as I don't bend my back knee more than 90 degrees. Snowboarding, for the most part, is not painful...its the before and after. I have my knee brace and crutch in the subaru next to the board when I drive up, lol.
I am just learning that my quads are short in my bad back knee which equates to my knee feeling like it wants to explode if I squat too much.
Stretching them out by sitting japanese tatami style is helping a lot.
Ya know also earlier this season I was riding bindings that were probably too soft for the board in question..

Really appreciate you posting your carving methods - pretty awesome to hear more ways to carve (and learn more)! Thank you for posting your way.
When I started learning this I was flexing my bindings like crazy, I broke the highback clean off my Katana mid turn, my burton cartels were folding the reflex disc. Crazy shit was happening as I was trying to bully my snowboard into doing what I wanted it to do but now I only focus on body movements my snowboard kind of just follows along politely.
I find myself standing square off my board all the time, firmly planted, none of that heavy levering type pressure I was applying to my bindings before.

And thanks for the kind words.:wink:
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Which brings me to another question about stance angles of ++ or +/ be a factor of technique and style. Idk but OP's initial post seems to be perhaps more geared to forward ++ angles.
My stance changed from 15/15 duck to 21/9 duck. That really helps with heel side rotation. When I was 15/15 my body was not happy at all with the required movements but my back knee is all kinds of messed up.

A duck back foot definitely hurts your heel side carving performance. Finding that balance I assume is very personal. Ryan does everything 15/15 duck, he is the boss lol.
Another thing that is of interest to me atm is experimenting with setting up my stance forward of the sidecut radius. Reverse setback if you will.
There's some stuff on offer there for those who like to experiment. :nerd: that second video the stances look super wide...
It helps a lot. Look at Ryans stance width in comparison to his leg length.
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You can see the minor overhang I still have at 30.5cm waist width in US10 burton boots.
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Agree, that video is another example of how there are several different ways of riding and, in this case, carving. Some of those riders were going into their turns super squatted, but they are holding a solid edge and it's all good. They have very fluid styles and its great to watch. Other styles have the rider extended, particularly toeside. And it's possible to have a preference without knocking someone else's style. My personal preference is to do what is natural and doesn't require over-twisting of the body in order to get both hands down.

The old Craig Kelley style of carving is so different from the Ryan Knapton style, which are both different from these styles.
That video title Singularity 2018 above is a good example: I didn't see anyone ride the same way as the first video with the rotation to drag both hands. Differnt style, more extended, single hand dragging, looks very natural. Both are fun to watch.
I watch Ryans videos almost exclusively, my 4 year old knows him by name lol. I went into this with elbow pads and arm sleeves at the ready just like him, but I ended up needing gloves and butt pads.
I think as we learn we do it best in our natural style be it good or bad lol. Once we master that we can start to work toward a particular style if we want but I think its much better to be able to do both. Thats what my future surely holds.

I like that hektik backwards swally riding dude that lays on his back and vapes cbd oil at tge same time lol. Its all fun, not footy teams boys!
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A pre lay up pic of that board
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